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Juvenile Court Essay

1138 Words5 Pages

The first juvenile court was established in Illinois in 1899. In the late 18th century children as young as seven could stand trial in criminal court and could be sentenced to prison or death. The perception of children was later changed and they were viewed as persons with undeveloped moral and cognitive capacities. This allowed the state of Illinois to intervene in the lives of children providing protection and care or supervision. The mission to help children in trouble was clearly stated in the laws that established juvenile courts. This led to the procedural changes between the juvenile and criminal justice systems.
The similarities of the juvenile court system and the adult court system are the right to an attorney, the right to…show more content…

Recent national trends in juvenile law have introduced two other mechanisms by which youth may be transferred to criminal court for trial: (a) statutory exclusion and (b) prosecutorial direct file. At the present time, more than half of these states provide a statutory exclusion. In states in which statutory exclusion is an option, age, and crime type (serious offenses such as murder or assault) are automatically outside the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. Therefore, the charge is filed directly in criminal court without any input from juvenile court judges (Salekin, 2001). A certification process is also used to certify a juvenile for the prosecution in an adult criminal court. There are several juveniles who contest their transfers to criminal courts and wish to remain in the juvenile justice system. Several important implications exist for youths, depending on the nature of their offenses, their prior records, and the potential penalties the respective courts may impose (Snyder, 2003). The right circumstances for a juvenile case transferred to a criminal court may have advantages they would not otherwise receive in a juvenile court.
There are both positive and negative implications of waivers for juveniles. One positive implication in juvenile court proceedings is considered civil and not criminal allowing the juvenile to avoid a criminal record. There are some court judges who show compassion for the juvenile sentencing them to

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Juvenile Justice Essay

881 Words4 Pages

Juvenile Justice

     The Juvenile Justice System as it typically functions in America's thousands of jurisdictions is the subject that will be covered. The Juvenile
Justice System is defined as that "sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies having to do with juvenile delinquency"(Weiner, 1987, p.12). This paper will deal with the history of the juvenile system, the need for the juvenile system, juvenile court functions, parents in court and programs that have worked, along with ones that…show more content…

This house of refuge was established to meet the same kinds of needs the JJS of today tries to meet, including avoidance of harsh criminal penalties for unfortunate children, segregating "predeliquent" children from hardened delinquents, providing
"proper" moral, ethical, political, and social values and role models for deprived children, and treating such children as victims rather than offenders.
This is the main reason why we do need the Juvenile Justice System.
     The function of the juvenile court system is to take a somewhat fatherly and protective attitude toward children, whether to offer humanitarian assistance or parental punishment. Juvenile court was primarily established however by a desire to avoid prisons for children by establishing special juvenile court which would not send children to prison. The juvenile court is also used to somewhat scare the young offender with its dark wooden atmosphere and flags to represent how alive the government is. The courts main function however is to find the best rehabilitation method for that individual. Should it be community service, a curfew or counseling, these are just a few options the court has in sentencing a young offender.
     Parents play a big role in the Juvenile Court System. With the parents at the court hearing, the court can find out if the parent is providing a good home for the juvenile delinquent. The parents also

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