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Development Of Personality Essay Sample

Freud's Theories on Personality Development Essay

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Freud's Theories on Personality Development Freud’s’ psychodynamic approach attempts to explain what drives or motivates personality development. He suggested that an individual is driven to satisfy biological urges and theses motives cause us to interact with the environment, so that early experiences play an important role.

Freud identified three different parts of the mind, which are based on our level of awareness; conscious, preconscious, and subconscious mind.

The conscious mind is where we are currently in focus of attention at the moment. The preconscious consists of things which we are aware, but we are not…show more content…

For example hunger and self-protection, which demands immediate satisfaction. The energy for the Id's actions comes from the libido. The id has 2 major instincts. The 1st being Eros, the life instinct that motivates people to focus on pleasure-seeking activities (e.g., sexual urges). The 2nd is called Thanatos, the death instinct that motivates people to use aggressive urges to destroy.

Unlike the Id, the Ego is aware of reality and operates using the reality principle. It recognizes what is real and understands that certain behaviours have consequences. This includes the effects of social rules that are necessary in order to live and socialize with other people. It also uses secondary processes (e.g., perception, recognition, judgment and memory) that are developed during the 1st two years of childhood. The Ego role is to somehow balance the demands of the Id and Super ego with the constraints of reality in mind. The Ego controls higher mental processes such as reasoning and problem solving, which it uses to solve the Id-Super ego dilemma, finding ways to safely satisfy the Id's basic urges within the constraints of the Super ego.

The Super ego contains our values and social morals, which often come from the rules of right and wrong that we learned in childhood (around the age

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Short Essay on Personality!

In daily life the term personality is very freely used by people with different meanings. Some people refer to the physical appearance like height, weight, colour, body built, dress, voice, etc. Some other people refer to intellectual qualities like intelligence, activeness, way of speech, thinking and reasoning abilities, etc.

It is also referred to social characteristics like sociability, generosity, kindness, reservedness, etc. On the basis of these characteristics they judge people as strong or weak personalities, good and bad personalities, etc.

In this way we all make personality judgments about the people we know. A major part of coming to understand ourselves is developing a sense of what our personality characteristics are. We even form impressions about personalities of people we do not know, but have only read about. As we shall see, these everyday uses of the term are quite different from the meaning psychologists give to the term personality.

The term personality has been derived from a Latin word ‘persona’- means ‘mask’. In olden days, while playing dramas, in order to give good effects to the roles played by them, the Greek actors used to wear masks.

The psychologists continue to use the term personality to indicate that, the real or inner qualities of a person will be different from, that of the qualities seen apparently. Hence, defining and understanding the personality is not very easy as it appears. It is very difficult to define personality in a precise way. Different psychologists have defined personality in their own ways. Two comprehensive definitions widely accepted are quoted here under:

GW Allport defines that, ‘personality is the dynamic organisation, within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment’.

According to this definition the different psychological traits which determine the adjustment of the individual are organised into a dynamic (changeable or modifiable) unit. So there will be flexible adjustment with the environment.

Eysenck defines that, “personality is the more or less stable and enduring organisation of a person’s character, temperament, intellect and physique which determines his unique adjustment to the environment.”

Most of the definitions of personality have tried to Consider the totality of the person, that means, all the abilities, tendencies and other characteristics, both inherent as well as acquired, which are more or less consistent, and distinguishable from the people are included in the personality.

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